Water damage comes in many shapes and forms, and can leave lasting damage never to only your property but your quality of life as well, if not handled correctly. One of the first steps to relieving your property of potential water damage is to determine what kind of water damage you are dealing with. Based on the Institute of Inspection Cleaning and Restoration Certification (IICRC) there are three forms of water damage, that they outline within their Standard and Reference Guide for Professional Water Damage Restoration (the S500). Water damage is categorized by its source, amount of time in the structure, history of the structure, and other impactful factors like chemicals such as for instance pesticides, fertilizers, animal feces, fuel, detergents, rat poison, etc.
The very first type of water damage they outline is Category 1, including burst water pipes, leaking appliances, and small levels of rainwater. The defining characteristic of Category 1 water is that it is clean at the foundation, and therefore does not pose a hazard if consumed by people. Category 1 water requires much less equipment and time and energy to remedy.
Types of Category 1 water damage include, but are not restricted to burst water pipes, failed supply lines on appliances, falling rainwater, melting snow or ice, broken toilet tanks, or toilet bowl over flow that doesn’t contain any contaminants. While this type of water damage is definitely not hazardous, when it is not handled it might turn to category 2 within 24 hours. The period period might be increased if the proper conditions for microorganism growth exist such as for instance stagnant air, humidity, and moderate temperatures (68-86 degrees Fahrenheit).
Category 2 water damage, or gray water, is characterized by beginning with some number of contamination at the foundation, or Category 1 water that has been neglected as mentioned before. This sort of water damage is moderately dangerous, and may cause some extent of sickness or discomfort for people or animals if exposed.
The most common forms of Category 2 water damage are discharge from washing machines or dishwashers, toilet flow overflow with urine but no feces, sump pump back-up, hydrostatic pressure seepage, washing machine overflow, broken aquariums, and puncture water beds. These cases of water damage may contain chemicals, bio-contaminants water restorations, and other designs of contamination which are hazardous to human health. Health effects are the following: allergic asthma, allergic rhinitis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis (lung tissue inflammation), burning eyes, skin irritation, inflammatory response, nausea, headache, and fever. Again, time and conducive temperatures permit deterioration to a Category 3 within 48 hours.
The last and most dangerous type of water damage is Category 3, or black water. Black water is highly contaminated, contains pathogens, and can cause serious illness as well as death in extreme conditions. Any person with a poor defense mechanisms, respiratory illness, allergies, or young kids should remain from the structure for the duration of the infection and clean-up.
Samples of this type of damage include sewage, ground surface water intrusion, toilet backflow from beyond the trap, and flooding sweater/rivers/streams that have entered the premises. Flooding water brings in silt and other organic matter, that will have bacteria growing inside, and resting stagnant in your home is only going to supply a more suitable environment where microorganisms can grow. Negative health effects from black water are numerous, and include bacterial infections from E. coli, salmonella, and shigella, soil organisms like Streptomyces, saccharopolyspora, thermonospora, viruses like rotavirus, hepatitis, and echovirus, and even parasites such as for instance giardia, cryptosporidium, and others. In virtually any situation, black water is extremely serious and must be handled immediately.
Besides kinds of water damage, additionally there are 4 classes per the IICRC. Water damage is split into class based on the rate of evaporation required. Often the type of material that has been affected could be the determining factor.
The water loss has been restricted to just a partial room area, and the materials effected are of low porosity (water is retained on the surface). There is minimum wet carpet or cushion.
The whole room is affected, as well as the carpet and cushion. Water has wicked up the walls 1-2 feet. Moisture remains in the structure of the building.
The slowest evaporation rate and water may came from above. Ceilings, walls, carpet, cushion, and sub-floor is all saturated, and will require ample time and energy to dry.
Class 4 comprises wet materials with low porosity or permeation such as for instance hardwood, concrete, stone, brick, or plaster. Water has formed deep pockets of saturation and will require special equipment that produces an environment of really low humidity.
As you can see, water damage is really a very serious matter. Or even handled immediately, the negative health effects are numerous. If your home and other property has been suffering from any type of water mentioned or not mentioned above, I would recommend calling a professional restoration company ASAP. They’ll know exactly what to do.