Breast cancer is among the widely covered cancers in media across the world. In fact many of us discovered about this through advertisements and awareness programs, run by international health organizations, NGOs, and governing bodies, on different communication platforms. But, does everyone learn about breast cancer and its risk factors, let aside the available treatments and tests? The clear answer is “no.” These awareness programs have already been going on for many years on national and international levels now, but nonetheless you will find millions of people all over the world who are clueless about the disease, doubtful over the correct measures, surrounded by myths. Many, including the ones who know only a little about the disease, still shake their heads in disbelief when told that men may also develop breast cancer. That is perhaps why it is important most of us are well- informed on the disease and its treatment, causes, risk factors and cure.
What’s Breast Cancer?
Simply, cancer may be defined as a condition when cells in the torso multiply abnormally and do not behave like normal cells. Each cell within our body has best hospital for breast cancer in Hyderabad a certain life, and when body cells do not complete their life-cycles and do not die in due course, they could multiply infinitesimally and causes the surrounding cells to reflect exactly the same, leading to the forming of an abnormal growth of mass, cancer (or tumor), which might affect the way in which surrounding organs function and cause life-threatening complications.
To understand about breast cancer, we should have a notion of the typical anatomy of breasts. Breasts have milk-producing glands included; these glands are attached to the skin at nipples through narrow ducts. The tissues across the ducts and glands are generally made up of fat. The remaining portion of the breasts includes blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatic channels. Lymphatic channels are connect lymph nodes, which can be found all across your body and, at an advance stage of cancer, serve as carriers of malignant cells and cause the cancer to spread to one other areas of body.
When malignant (cancerous, tumor) cells are present in among the breasts or both, the condition is named breast cancer. Based on the spread of the cancerous cells, a cancer specialist decides upon the stage of the cancer. Typically, breast cancer may have 5 stages, namely, Stage 0, Stage 1, Stage 2 (2A, 2B), Stage 3 (3A, 3 B, 3C), and Stage 4. Early stage or 0 stage of cancer is once the disease hasn’t invaded surrounding breast tissues yet and located inside the breast. At stage 1, cancer is less than 2 centimeters in dimensions and partially spread to lymph nodes in the underarms. Stage 2A is when tumor is less than 2 cm, with 2mm penetration in lymph nodes in the underarm or if it is more than 2cm in dimensions (and less than 5cm) without any penetration in lymph nodes. Stage 2B is when tumor in breast in more than 5cm or when it more than 2cm (and less than 5cm), but with penetration in lymph nodes. Stage 3 and above are referred to as advanced stages of breast cancer and on all cases tumors are always more than 5cm and spread across the rest of body as well.
In its last stage, that will be stage 4, cancer has already spread through one other organs of your body, such as for instance, bones, lungs, lever, and brain. Breast cancer spreads across one other organs of your body through lymph nodes, which are also present in various organs in the torso and are interconnected through the lymphatic system.
What Causes Breast Cancer?
So, what’s it that causes breast cancer? What are the chance factors? The clear answer is you will find no definite causes of breast cancer as a result; the chance factors include advancing age and family history of the cancer. Obesity can be among the risk factors along with regular alcohol use and late marriage. Anyone whose family unit members have already been identified as having breast cancer previously is 2-3 times more prone to develop it. The majority of women develop breast cancer after 50 or menopause.
What Reduces Risk?
Researchers have discovered that regular physical exercise and exercise can reduce the chance of breast cancer by half. Exercise may also help overcome the aftermaths of the disease and improves quality of life of individuals with breast cancer. Poor diet and alcohol consumption are also common risk factors as they are directly connected to obesity. The easiest way to prevent it’s to get the breasts examined regularly by a specialist, especially after 30, and buy them checked each time a lump is present in among the breasts.
Annual or biannual mammogram tests can detect cancer in breasts early, when it could be cured easily or removed even before it starts to cultivate inside the breasts. It is, therefore, advised all women manage to get thier breasts examined by their doctors regularly, especially ladies in their thirties and older. Rarely, there is a possibility cancer runs in the household where case genetic testing is needed to check whether a member of family will develop the cancer or not in her lifetime. Having said that, it is important to know that not absolutely all lumps in breasts are tumors or cause harm, but it’s equally important to get them examined by a specialist. In most cases lumps aren’t cancerous, but it’s difficult to inform what’s tumor and what’s not without professional supervision. When one is tested positive, other tests follow to ascertain the likelihood of cancer. You can be asked to have a biopsy test, during which tissues from breasts are examined to inform the likelihood of cancer. There are many alternatives for treatment available even if one is located positive. Specialists decide upon the best option based on the investigations and the spread of cancer in the body.
People must not fear going with their doctor and getting themselves examined for driving a car of being tested positive for breast cancer. Tests and examinations do not guarantee the clear presence of cancer; on the contrary, these often cancel the likelihood of cancer. All the times folks are tested negative. So, you need to not fear tests, mammograms, or biopsy tests, get oneself checked and live freely.